Guiseppe Sarto was the only bishop of Rome in the 20th century who gave Sunday homily sermons in the pulpit every week. After the 1908 Messina earthquake he filled the Apostolic Palace with refugees, long before the Italian government acted. He rejected any kind of favours for his family; his brother remained a postal clerk, his favourite nephew stayed on as village priest.

Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto (Pius X)

Selection of essays, including on modern theology

Pascendi Dominici Gregis (Feeding the Lord’s Flock)

Pius X’s encyclical against modernism


Notre Charge Apostolique (Our Apostolic Mandate)

Letter from Pius X, bishop of Rome to the French Bishops